Faith Leaders Discuss When Government Grants Help—And When They Don’t

By Audrey Jackson
jim harbin grants
Jim Harbin Jr., minister for the Raleigh Community Church of Christ, speaks to attendees at the National Urban Ministry Conference in Memphis, Tenn. (Photo: Audrey Jackson / The Christian Chronicle)

Attendees to the event in Memphis, Tennessee buzzed with conversation at the National Urban Ministry Conference’s first in-person meeting since 2020.

COVID-19, new ministry initiatives and resources — including the use of government grants — dominated the recent discussion.

Jim Harbin Jr., minister for the Raleigh Community Church of Christ, which hosted a portion of the conference, shared good news.

To combat the global pandemic’s impact, the Raleigh congregation’s child care center recently received a $232,000 government stabilization grant that can be used to pay for child care employee salaries, building maintenance and utility costs, Harbin explained.

“A lot of care centers during the pandemic either closed temporarily or permanently because they couldn’t afford to keep their staff,” he said. “The government was trying to provide some assistance that would help child care centers stay in business, and we were fortunate enough to be one of those that was selected.”

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The congregation began the center 16 years ago after seeing a need. From 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., the urban church transforms into the Raleigh Community Christian Child Care Center, a certified center through the Tennessee Department of Human Services.

grants woman prayer
A woman prays at the National Urban Ministry Conference in Memphis, Tenn. (Photo: Audrey Jackson / The Christian Chronicle)

Infants through 5-year-olds fill the space during school hours. After school, children under 13 join the group. When schools closed due to COVID-19, the center transformed into a remote learning center .

Running a ministry beyond the congregation’s normal outreach required extra staff — and money.

“We kept telling the congregations that this is hard work,” Harbin said, “that sometimes it’s lonely, under-resourced.”

Harbin had learned about government grants through his work as a coordinator with Agape Child & Family Services, a nonprofit associated with Churches of Christ that offers social services in Memphis.

Yet, after seven years of service with Agape, Harbin felt called to make a change.

“I felt God leading me to go back to the Raleigh community, to just focus on the Raleigh community,” he said, “taking everything that I learned from Agape and implementing those things at the church building.”

Grant regulations

Accepting government funding places stipulations on religious activities and evangelism for faith-based organizations.

Government funds can’t directly support “inherently religious” activities — defined as worship, religious instruction or proselytization, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled.

This does not forbid faith-based organizations from performing religious activities. It merely restricts the use of taxpayer dollars to fund them, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Angela Garland, a site coordinator for Agape Child & Family Services, said the organization received $2 million in grants during 2020 to apply to its expansive operation that includes school programs, counseling services, foster care and employment assistance.

angela garland
Angela Garland

Agape navigates the grant requirements by separating the social and spiritual services offered to clients, Garland said.

“Unfortunately, we cannot pray with them (clients) because that would be crossing a boundary,” she said. “But we can recommend them to our faith formation program.”

The organization writes its grant applications for government funding to align closely with its social service mission, Garland explained, while privately funding anything related to the spiritual element and partnering with over 50 churches in the area.

River City Ministry, an Arkansas nonprofit associated with Churches of Christ, takes a slightly different approach.

“We tell them on the front end, ‘Hey, we’re not going to break any of your rules, but we are Christians — we talk about the Lord, and we ask people to pray,’” said Paul Wilkerson, River City Ministry’s executive director.

“It is their voice and their choice — a lady said that to me once,” he added. “All they have to do is say, ‘No, thanks.’”

conference
Paul Wilkerson, center, listens to a speaker at the National Urban Ministry Conference. (Photo: Audrey Jackson / The Christian Chronicle)

Despite its approach, the North Little Rock ministry has received city and state contracts and county, state and federal grants without religious limitations.

“I think one reason they don’t fuss is because we don’t push that envelope too much, but we are not going to draw the line at talking to people about the Lord or praying with people if they want to pray,” Wilkerson said. “You just have to make sure that everybody is getting the exact same offering.”

‘Bureaucracy is my boss’

River City Ministry assimilated grants into the nonprofit’s funding when it outgrew the support of its three-tiered financial system — churches, individuals and fundraising — that the organization relied on at its inception in 1989.

At the peak of River City Ministry’s grant funding, the ministry had 24 full-time employees, several of whom the ministry hired to process and document its use of government funds.

Wilkerson compared managing the grants to running a small business; the yearly audit alone cost the ministry $11,000.

“A lot of people think it’s easy money,” Wilkerson said. “It’s hard work. … You’ve got to have accountants, and your accountants have got to have an accountant.”

While the funds expanded the outreach, they limited the time ministry employees had to foster personal connections with the people they served. Wilkerson said he was soon spending more time on phone calls about grants than meeting with the individuals receiving care from River City Ministry.

“You begin to feel like, ‘I’m not working for the Lord anymore,’” Wilkerson said. “‘I no longer feel like I’m working for the church or the Lord or even these people we are serving.’ It’s like all this bureaucracy is my boss.”

However, reducing the nonprofit’s use of government grants also meant shrinking River City Ministry’s outreach — which includes medical, optometry and dental clinics, pharmaceutical services, social and spiritual services, a food pantry and a day shelter for homeless individuals.

dental clinic grants
Domestic missionary Keith Lape stands in the doorway of the River City Ministry’s dental clinic, which is funded by an Arkansas Department of Health grant and treats about 1,200 patients per year. (Photo: Audrey Jackson / The Christian Chronicle)

The changes led to the end of the ministry’s housing initiative, which partnered individuals in need of permanent supportive housing with social workers who monitored their well-being in apartments the Christian nonprofit paid for using government funds.

River City Ministry’s yearly budget, once over a million dollars with government funding, totals $600,000 for 2022, with more than half of that budget still coming from grants.

Despite its struggle with bureaucracy, Wilkerson said he was still thankful for the contribution of government grants. Certain programs — like the clinics — would be significantly reduced without grants through the Arkansas Department of Health. Other outreaches would continue even without government funding.

“What we’ve done with the homeless, we would do anyway,” Wilkerson said. “We’d have to dig harder and add a fundraiser probably, but we’re not going to stop doing those things. Those things are in our DNA.”

This article originally appeared at The Christian Chronicle.

Audrey Jackson, a journalism graduate of Harding University in Searcy, Arkansas, is The Christian Chronicle’s associate editor for print and digital.

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