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For United Methodists’ Top Court, 2024 Is The New 2020

By Emily Miller
Bishop Kenneth H. Carter, standing, speaks during an oral hearing before the United Methodist Judicial Council meeting in Evanston, Illinois. (Photo by Mike DuBose/UMNS)

An annual conference in the United States still can’t just up and leave the United Methodist Church.

The United Methodist Judicial Council, the denomination’s top court, ruled again on that question in a decision released last week as the church goes through a slow-moving split over the ordination and marriage of its LGBTQ members.

Three other decisions released by the court as it moves through its fall docket dealt with resolutions approved by annual and jurisdictional conferences — the UMC’s regional networks of churches and ministries — regarding LGBTQ inclusion.

The Judicial Council ruled that a 2021 resolution by some Midwestern United Methodists, titled “Covenant to Build BeLoved Community,” is mostly “aspirational” and therefore does not conflict with the Book of Discipline, the United Methodist rulebook, which denies LGBTQ people ordination and forbids United Methodist clergy to perform same-sex weddings.

The resolution, approved by a special session of the Upper Midwest’s North Central Jurisdictional Conference, calls LGBTQ members “a gift to the church.” It also asks members of the jurisdiction not to pursue charges against clergy for officiating same-sex weddings or identifying as LGBTQ.

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However, the court felt Michigan Bishop David Alan Bard went too far in accepting one line in the resolution — “We will not restrict God’s calling based solely on a candidate’s sexual orientation or gender identity” — which it deemed a “declaration of non-compliance.”

In another decision, the Judicial Council reversed a previous decision by Bishop Julius Trimble upholding a resolution passed last year by the Indiana Annual Conference called “A Commitment to Grace in The Indiana Conference” that had expressed support for clergy’s ability to choose which weddings they officiate. The resolution echoed the language ignoring the gender and sexuality of candidates for ordination that the court found “prescriptive,” rather than aspirational, in the North Central resolution.

The court also upheld a decision by Bishop James Swanson Sr., since retired, who affirmed a resolution by the Mississippi Annual Conference “declaring that the practice of homosexuality is contrary to God’s standard of holy behavior, and consequently, is an immoral (sinful) act of behavior.” It said the resolution was aspirational and did not conflict with the Book of Discipline.

united methodist
A copy of the Book of Discipline rests on a table during an oral hearing on May 22, 2018, in Evanston, Illinois. (Photo by Kathleen Barry/UMNS)

In a decision late last year, the Judicial Council ruled that the General Conference meeting scheduled for 2024 should be considered the postponed 2020 General Conference. That means delegates elected to serve at 2020’s meeting of the denomination’s decision-making body — postponed three times for reasons related to the COVID-19 pandemic — will serve at the meeting scheduled for 2024.

The 2020 General Conference was set to consider a proposal to allow churches and annual conferences to leave with their properties to form new denominations, an effort to end the decades-long disagreement within the denomination on the role of its LGBTQ members. Conservative United Methodists had announced preparations to launch the Global Methodist Church after a General Conference vote.

Since 2019, more than 2,000 churches have disaffiliated from the United Methodist Church, not waiting for the ultimate resolution of that proposal.

When the General Conference was at last pushed to 2024, the Global Methodist Church, a conservative alternative to the United Methodist Church, pushed up its timeline and launched last May. Since then, some 1,100 churches have joined the Global Methodist Church.

Emily McFarlan Miller is a national reporter for Religion News Service. 



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