Screenshot 2023-01-13 at 1.50.18 PM


Reporting the Truth.
Restoring the Church.

New Survey Finds Pockets of Support for Christian Nationalism Across the Country

By Jack Jenkins
An attendee holds a “One Nation Under God Indivisible” poster during a Stop the Steal protest in Raleigh, N.C., on Jan. 6, 2021. (Photo by Anthony Crider/Flickr/CC-BY 2.0)

A new report released Wednesday found that roughly 3 in 10 Americans express some sympathy for Christian nationalism, with its greatest popularity concentrated in the Southeast and Upper Midwest.

The findings appear in a study from the Public Religion Research Institute, which probed public support for Christian nationalism as part of a broader survey of more than 22,000 adults. To assess feelings about Christian nationalism, respondents were asked whether they completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with five statements, including “the U.S. government should declare America a Christian nation” and “U.S. laws should be based on Christian values.”

PRRI broke out four categories depending on how people responded to the questions. Those most supportive of the ideology — 10% of the country — were dubbed Adherents, followed by Sympathizers, who represent 20% of the country. Those who disagreed the statements were classified as Skeptics (37%) or Rejecters (30%).

Mississippi and North Dakota showed the highest levels of support for Christian nationalism, with Adherents and Sympathizers making up 50% of those states. They are followed by Alabama (47%), West Virginia (47%), Louisiana (46%), Tennessee (45%), Kentucky (45%), Nebraska (45%) and Wyoming (45%).

States exhibiting the least support for Christian nationalism were Oregon (17%), Massachusetts (18%), Maryland (19%), New York (19%), New Jersey (20%) and Washington (20%).

Your tax-deductible gift helps our journalists report the truth and hold Christian leaders and organizations accountable. Give a gift of $30 or more to The Roys Report this month, and you will receive a copy of “Hurt and Healed by the Church” by Ryan George. To donate, click here.

“Support for Christian Nationalism (Adherents and Sympathizers), by State” (Graphic courtesy of PRRI)

Voting patterns reflected the presence of Christian nationalist ideas as well. “Residents of red states are significantly more likely than those in blue states to hold Christian nationalist beliefs,” the report reads. Researchers later note that, overall, nearly 4 in 10 residents of red states express support for Christian nationalism.

The survey also noted a strong correlation between support for Christian nationalism and support for the Republican Party, as well as for former President Donald Trump, who has long made appeals to Christian nationalists on the stump.

Last week, in addressing the annual gathering of National Religious Broadcasters, a disproportionately evangelical Christian group, Trump promised the crowd: “If I get in, you’re going to be using that power at a level that you’ve never used before.” He later added: “With your help and God’s grace, the great revival of America begins on Nov. 5.”

In PRRI’s survey, among those who hold favorable views of Trump, 55% qualify as Christian nationalists (21% Adherents and 34% Sympathizers). Only 15% (4% Adherents and 11% Sympathizers) of those who hold favorable views of President Joe Biden were identified as Christian nationalists.

“As the proportion of Christian nationalists in a state increases, the percentage of residents who voted for Trump in 2020 also increases,” the report reads. “If the analysis is restricted to white Americans only, the relationship between state-level support for Christian nationalism and votes for Trump in 2020 becomes even stronger.”

The survey found support for Christian nationalism concentrated in two religious groups: white evangelical Protestants (66%) and Hispanic Protestants (55%). Christians who ascribe to beliefs often associated with Pentecostals and charismatic Christianity, such as modern-day prophecy, spiritual healing and the prosperity gospel, were particularly drawn to the ideology.

pastor charged capitol riot nationalism political violence
A supporter of then-President Donald Trump carries a Bible outside the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, in Washington. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)

Christian nationalism has been associated with political violence in part because of the ideology’s visible influence on the Capitol insurrection that took place on Jan. 6, 2021. According to PRRI’s survey, there’s reason to suspect that association is not a coincidence: Christian nationalists are about twice as likely as other Americans to believe political violence may be justified, with 38% of Adherents and 33% of Sympathizers agreeing that “because things have gotten so far off track, true American patriots may have to resort to violence to save the country.”

The survey also offered a potential preview of how Christian nationalism — and the political coalitions associated with it — could end up shaping this year’s presidential election. Asked about immigration and access to guns, about 50% of Adherents said they would only vote for a candidate who shared their views on the issues. 

But the most ardent Christian nationalists will hardly be the most powerful force come November: Asked about abortion, half of Rejectors, who alone nearly outnumber Adherents, said they were unwilling to support a candidate who differs from them on their mostly liberal abortion views.

jack jenkinsJack Jenkins is an award-winning journalist and national reporter for the Religion News Service.



Keep in touch with Julie and get updates in your inbox!

Don’t worry we won’t spam you.

More to explore

24 Responses

  1. The very idea of a red-white-and-blue star-spangled cross is an abomination to a Savior who said his kingdom is not of this world. I’m grateful for my country, but let me never confuse it with the Kingdom of God.

  2. Christian Nationalism is heretical. There is no biblical basis for the “earth being prepared” before Christ’s return. No legitimate passage, within context and according to hermeneutical standards, can be used to justify the illegitimate movement called the New Apostolic Movement. They are deceived and are deceiving.

  3. Nationalist Christians and its variations thereof are highly Idolatrous, rebellious and a hypocritical anti-Christ movement at its core to say the least. It’s the culprit for mass exodus from church; increase in atheism and religious nones. And worse yet, they cause the Name of the LORD to be blasphemed and reproached among both believers and un-believers alike.

    It’s a noxious stench in YHVH’s nostrils. A tree with a bitter root that bears gall, wormwood and rotten fruits. A tree that YHVH did not plant; and will be rooted out, pulled down, broken up and burnt.

    It is as it is written “…in vain do these people worship with their lips; their hearts are far away from me… teaching doctrines and commandments of man but reject the commandments of YHVH. Hypocrites, who make clean the outside, but full of wickedness and hypocrisy on the inside. Like a grave, full of dead corpse on the inside. Everything they do is for in pretense, for show, for their own glory and for power. Their judgement lingers not; and shall be severe”.

  4. This is incredibly frightening for both the church and our beloved, albeit imperfect American democracy. I’ve seen this play out in the life of an acquaintance of mine. Charlie installed my furnace and comes back to service it about once a year. The Charlie I first met was a very intelligent and humble man who talked about Jesus all the time. Then 2020 happened and the next time I saw him all he wanted to talk about was Black Live Matter and Critical Race Theory. During his most recent visit last month he railed against Diversity, Equity and Inclusion. I miss our talks about Jesus.

    1. Then I suggest you find another furnace person and tell Charlie why you will not use him anymore. I also explain that you will use your circle of influence NOT to recommend his company. Tell him he chose Barabbas.

  5. Any support of Christian nationalism is mere proof of how Biblically illiterate our nation has become.

    1. This would suggest that our country ever WAS biblically literate- I suggest that a country founded on colonialism, genocide and slavery, and maintained by greed, capitalism, and war never has been biblically literate.

  6. I have a few questions for Christian nationalists if they had their way.

    Who’s church will have the most say in moral decisions?

    What rights will other religions and spiritual groups have?

    Will church attendance be enforced?

    What about those in the LGBTQ communities?

    Will you enforce censorship that is in your favor?

  7. Noticed secular nationalism and US exceptionalism within the life of many churches while visiting and travelling around the States in the 90s. My only surprise is that for many people it’s only now become an issue of concern. What I also observed was how the Christian faith and church life was used and continues to be used – even by so-called credible gifted people – as a ‘stalking horse’ so as to attain status, power and a market/money.

    Thankfully, we have Christ’s life and teaching as our benchmark!

  8. With the various heretical doctrines being propagated in the church, it’s no wonder White Christian Nationalism is somewhat popular. The Free Grace people deny repentance, personal holiness, and discipleship are necessary for believers. Just say “I love Jesus” and you’re set for eternity. No strings attached. How many of those idiots who stormed the Capitol claim to be Christians? Plenty. Poor Dietrich Bonhoeffer must be cringing. The Dispensational folks don’t care much about social conditions since they’re too busy speculating about the timing of their mythical escape-hatch they call the “Rapture”. Except for abortion, now that’s a hill they will die for. The early English settlers gave us a form of Anglo-Israelism that persists in the USA exceptionalism belief. Those folks who keep quoting 2 Chronicles 7:14 (grossly out of context) as applying to the USA are perpetuating the error.

  9. I live in a decidedly blue state. The legislators are are working hard to assure that Christian nonprofits and churches can’t adhere to their biblical interpretations in matters of hiring.
    I don’t support this. Does that make me a “Christian nationalist”?
    My state also has articulated language in abortion making killing babies in the womb legal up do birth legal. I don’t support this. Does that make me a “Christian Nationalist?” Just curious how this works.

    1. I am incredibly thankful to live in a blue state where legislators are working hard to make sure that no org can hide behind “faith” to couch their bigotry and hate. And that they’re making sure that impossible decisions that full term pregnant women have to make when their pregnancies become unviable and are actively hurting their child (because those are the only situations that people are aborting late term- those are wanted children) are able to be made between patient and doctor, without the government stepping in to the middle of incredibly complicated medical decisions.

    2. You do what God does… allow them the free-will choice; and then you pray & bless them as He also gives them rain etc. And because you also have the choice, you choose to live differently (ie choose not to have the abortion if that’s your conviction) And if they remove your choice and try to force you to take an action your conscience doesn’t allow, then gently, prayerfully appeal, using whatever non-violent avenues are afforded to you. And if that doesn’t work, then I guess you move or close up shop (if it’s an institution) and move elsewhere, all the time continuing to allow Them the free-will choice to do what they want, as God does, never lording it over us or them…

    3. You, as a free individual Christian, can disagree all you want; that’s different from demanding our laws support your religious views and positions, or that our government establish Christianity as the “official religion” of the country.
      Likewise, I can personally disagree with abortion; so I do not plan to have one. However, I do not think my personal position – although a Christian one – should be the law of the land. I find that to be government overreach (it’s interesting how “small government” conservatives suddenly want “big government” to force this issue, to the point of being ok when the government recently demanded access to a woman’s private medical records to “prove” she needed an abortion).
      Freedom of religion is a founding principle of our nation. Christian nationalism flies in the face of both scripture and this principle.

      1. Yes, I agree. The Kansas Republican majority State House and Senate refuse to accept the results of their deceptively-titled Value Them Both Amendment (2022). Kansas voters, including me, voted NO by a 59.16 to 40.84 margin yet the Republicans keep trying to subvert the will of the people by introducing more abortion restrictions. The Kansas Supreme Court has been tossing out abortion restrictions because they are unconstitutional and serve no legitimate medical purpose. Republicans wanted to change the state constitution to suit them.

      2. That’s because these so-called “Christians” and so-called “conservatives” who make up the Christian Nationalists/MAGA/Trump GOP cult are neither in any sense of the historic, technical definitions. It is a very much a statist authoritarianism headed by a populist demagogue (Trump). Right of Il Duce’s Italy.
        Populism is NOT conservatism.

        To quote Alexander Hamilton:

        “When a man unprincipled in private life, desperate [hugely wealthy] in his fortune, bold in his temper, possessed of considerable talents, having the advantage of military habits — despotic in his ordinary demeanour — known to have scoffed in private at the principles of liberty — when such a man is seen to mount the hobby horse of popularity — to join in the cry of danger to liberty—to take every opportunity of embarrassing the General Government & bringing it under suspicion — to flatter and fall in with all the non sense of the zealots of the day — It may justly be suspected that his object is to throw things into confusion that he may ‘ride the storm and direct the whirlwind.’”

        That fits Trump and his MAGA cultist, Christian Nationalist Kool-Aid Drinkers perfectly.

  10. Christian Nationalism and their adherents are a cancer on the church and in American society. It needs to excised from both completely.

    1. Wasn’t Hamilton a slave owner? How can you quote him??

      Are you thinking of relocation camps to start the excising?

  11. Originally came to Julie’s site because she had the courage to stand up to much of the nonsense going on within evangelicalism. While it was heartbreaking to read of the abuses she covered, she brought to light the stories of victims who suffered at the hands of people in powerful places. Sadly, in the comments here, I read comments about fellow believers with different political views be wrongly characterized and pilloried with distain and hate. So much for grace.

  12. This is what happens when you stop using Jesus as our standard of how we live, and substitute Him with Paul every Sunday.

    Peter gave us a warning about using Paul’s writings, 2 Peter 3:16-17, and who we are to follow vs18:

    14Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.

    15And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;

    16As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

    17Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.

    18But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.

    We have been warned, do not listen, and then complain about the results.

    1. We have been warned. 2 Peter tells us of the distortion of the “untaught and unstable’. Peter praised Paul. Pauls’s words are Scripture. You need to read it again.

      Why does Paul’s writings offend you? Does Paul call out some sins that Jesus (or Peter) does not?
      I have never heard of a church that worships Paul? Where are they?

Leave a Reply

The Roys Report seeks to foster thoughtful and respectful dialogue. Toward that end, the site requires that people register before they begin commenting. This means no anonymous comments will be allowed. Also, any comments with profanity, name-calling, and/or a nasty tone will be deleted.
MOST popular articles


Hi. We see this is the third article this month you’ve found worth reading. Great! Would you consider making a tax-deductible donation to help our journalists continue to report the truth and restore the church?

Your tax-deductible gift helps our journalists report the truth and hold Christian leaders and organizations accountable. Give a gift of $30 or more to The Roys Report this month, and you will receive a copy of “Hurt and Healed by the Church” by Ryan George.