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Carlton Pearson, Tulsa Pastor Declared Heretic for Views On Hell, Dies At 70

By Adelle Banks
carlton pearson
Bishop Carlton D. Pearson. (Video screen grab)

Bishop Carlton D. Pearson, a preacher, singer and author who moved from Pentecostalism to what he called “The Gospel of Inclusion,” has died at age 70.

Pearson died in hospice care Sunday night, after a brief battle with a returning cancer, according to a post on his Facebook page.

Raised and later ordained in the Church of God in Christ, a predominantly Black denomination, and the onetime leader of a prominent Oklahoma megachurch, Pearson began facing health issues more than two decades ago but suffered a recurrence of cancer in recent months.

His family had announced in an Oct. 30 post on his Facebook page that he was receiving “comfort care.”

“Our dear Carlton was diagnosed with cancer in 2001 and was declared cancer free shortly thereafter,” the family wrote. “Just recently the cancer has returned and has been a significant challenge, especially in the last 120 days.”

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As they sought prayers and support, they wrote: “May we all do as he has taught us… We must make the change, manage the change, and ultimately master the change.”

Pearson, a San Diego native and a “fourth-generation fundamentalist,” wrote the 2006 book, “The Gospel of Inclusion: Reaching Beyond Religious Fundamentalism to the True Love of God and Self.”

In it, he stated a defense similar to one he presented from an 18-page position paper in 2003 to the Joint College of African-American Pentecostal Bishops.

“The blasphemy I stand accused of is the simple message of the Gospel of Inclusion: the whole world is saved, but they just don’t know it,” he wrote in the book’s introduction. “Saved not only from hell and eternal damnation, but saved from itself — saved from its erroneous perceptions of God and good.”

The year after Pearson’s presentation, the bishops declared his views were “heresy.”

“Because of our concern for the many people that could be influenced to adopt this heresy and in so doing put at risk the eternal destiny of their souls, we are compelled to declare Bishop Carlton Pearson a heretic,” wrote Bishop Clifford Leon Frazier, chairman of the joint college’s doctrinal commission at the time.

carlton pearson
Bishop Carlton D. Pearson. (Video screen grab)

Pearson stood his ground in a formal response to media on that occasion.

“If I am judged for perceiving Christ or Christianity in error, I’d rather be wrong for overestimating the love of God than underestimating it,” he said. “I’d rather err on the goodness, greatness and graciousness of God than the opposite.”

Pearson, a former student and onetime regent of Oral Roberts University, addressed his friends and supporters directly via a TikTok video that was posted on Oct. 31 and cited on X (formerly Twitter).

“I love you, I cherish you, I respect you, honor you, have needed you all along to be the audience to let me sound off on,” he said, laughing softly. “I’ve done a lot of thinking out loud, and you’ve eavesdropped on a lot of it — but I knew you were there.”

Pearson said he was speaking from his “hospice room,” and repeated a favorite saying of his parents — “be careful and prayerful” — after briefly breaking into “I’ll Be Thinking of You,” a song by gospel singer Andraé Crouch.

“This will be probably one of the last times you’ll see me like this, as I may be closing some things out,” he said, speaking to the camera with a U-shaped pillow around his neck. “But I’ll never close you out in consciousness. I’ll never stop thinking of who you are, and why you are, and how, somehow, we were divinely drawn together in this divine intersection of lives. But I feel you and I hope you feel me, even when I’m in heaven, or on the other side, or the other iteration, I’ll be thinking of you.”

The trajectory of Pearson’s career included serving as an associate evangelist with the Oral Roberts Evangelistic Association, hosting the Azusa annual conferences that drew thousands of people to Oral Roberts University’s campus, and joining fellow Republicans in supporting then-presidential candidate George W. Bush at an “African-Americans for Victory 2000” event.

After watching a television news report about the persecution of the Hutus and Tutsis from Rwanda, he began to make what became a sharp turn away from the traditions of his faith. He folded the remnants of his interracial Higher Dimensions Family Church in Tulsa into a Unitarian Universalist congregation, embracing its inclusiveness.

“I have no regrets for what I did in this town,” he said in a 2008 Tulsa World story.

In 2009, he became the interim leader of Christ Universal Temple, a prominent Chicago congregation connected to the New Thought movement that focuses on positive thinking.

More than a decade ago, he became a senior bishop of The Fellowship of Affirming Ministries, said Bishop Yvette Flunder, founder of the organization whose congregations are predominantly African American and led by LGBTQ or LGBTQ-affirming clergy.

“Bishop Carlton Pearson is a man of incredible courage,” Flunder told Religion News Service days after the posting of the TikTok video. She recalled Pearson, whom she has described as “my friend and my brother,” discussing with her how he had ceased to believe in a literal hell, started to view the divine as inclusive of other religions, and begun to support LGBTQ people.

“I frankly don’t know anyone who had as much to lose in terms of what people consider loss,” she said, recalling how people he had launched into ministries in the U.S. and beyond later shunned him. “He gave those things up for what he believed to be the true heart of God.”

come sunday pearson
Promotional image for ‘Come Sunday,’ a 2008 Netflix film dramatizing Carlton Pearson’s story. (Courtesy image)

Over the course of his career, Pearson shifted from focusing on one faith to joining the board of Interfaith Alliance. Once a self-described “strong pro-life advocate,” he was hailed for his “powerful rendition of ‘I Believe I Can Fly’” at a 2007 interfaith prayer breakfast of Planned Parenthood Federation of America. A two-time winner of Stellar Awards for his contributions to gospel music, Pearson was dropped by a Christian music label. The label, which primarily served an evangelical community, said continuing to align with Pearson “would bring us into public disrepute.”

“The price that he paid for what he believes is something that should go down in the history of people who are called saints, in my opinion,” said Flunder.

Pearson’s story was featured in the 2018 Netflix drama “Come Sunday,” in which actor Chiwetel Ejiofor portrayed the minister.

“I’m a little exhausted,” Pearson said at the end of the TikTok video that was titled a “departing message.”

“But know that I love you and wanted you to hear from my own voice how deeply appreciative I am of who you are and that you are. Peace and blessing.”

Adelle Banks is production editor and a national correspondent at Religion News Service.

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6 Responses

  1. I wouldn’t have made some of his choices, but I no longer believe in an eternal hell/ place of torment.

      1. You are welcome to believe as you please, but I would rather side with the words of Jesus. He alone is Eternal Life.

  2. Orthodoxy plays a crucial role in forming collective life. But without the dynamic of heresy, and the very human dynamics which energise heresy, orthodoxy tends to glide towards ossification.
    Carlton D. Pearson would seem to be a good and useful heretic. A heretic it would have been good to know.

  3. In his thinking he created a god that does not exist, an idol, and an idol can not save people from their sins.

  4. Pearson seemed to waffle between apokatastasis and no hell at all. Many Christians through the years have held some form of apokatastasis. The Catholic Church’s Purgatory is for “all who die in God’s grace and friendship but still imperfectly purified”, something different. I would insist that God’s justice still requires punishment for sin, not just rehabilitation. The logical practical conclusion for not believing in hell is to abandon any sense of justice because the Biblical underpinnings for justice would then be dismissed. The question of whether something is right or wrong becomes irrelevant because it’s a matter of opinion like a preference for a certain wine or latte or even the socio-politcal cause du jour.

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